Notice your gums are bleeding? Teeth feel loose? You may be suffering from a common condition known as periodontal gum disease, luckily Thorncliffe Dental Centre can help! Wondering if you may suffer from periodontal disease?
Periodontal (gum) disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Periodontal disease includes both gingivitis and periodontitis. Periodontal disease can affect one tooth or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria in plaque (the sticky, colourless film that constantly forms on your teeth) causes the gums to become red or inflamed. Any plaque that has not been removed by the toothbrush or floss will harden to become tartar. Tartar can only be removed with scaling by a dental hygienist.
Common signs of periodontal gum disease include:
In the early stages, the gums become red, swollen and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort. This condition is called gingivitis and is usually caused by poor oral hygiene.
Left untreated, gingivitis can advance to periodontitis. With time, plaque can spread and grow below the gum line. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque invade the gums and eventually cause the bone that supports the teeth to be broken down and destroyed. Gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) that become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen, and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. Often, this destructive process has very mild symptoms. Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.
If gum disease is diagnosed in the early stages, it can be treated with a thorough professional periodontal cleaning. If the disease has progressed, the treatment may involve a “deep cleaning” which involves cleaning the root surfaces of your teeth to remove tartar and bacteria below the gum line. This may require several appointments, depending on the extent of your gum disease.
Ready to get your periodontal disease under control? Schedule an appointment with our periodontist at Thorncliffe Dental Centre today! We would be happy to assist you in preserving and maintaining optimum oral health.