All You Need to Know About Wisdom Teeth Extraction

All You Need to Know About Wisdom Teeth Extraction

Dec 01, 2020

Wisdom teeth are the four permanent teeth at the back of the jaws. On the other hand, wisdom tooth extraction is a procedure that involves the removal of one or more last molars. If wisdom teeth lack space to erupt or become impacted, they may cause pain, distress, and sometimes dental infections.

Therefore, your dentist or oral surgeon will recommend tooth removal to prevent any further complications and restore your oral functions.

Why Do You Require a Wisdom Tooth Removal?

The wisdom teeth are the last molars to erupt, and your dental set will be complete. Wisdom teeth begin erupting at the age of 17 to 25, while others might not develop the last three adult molars at all. However, for most people, wisdom teeth erupt normally without causing any problems.

Most people develop wisdom teeth that erupt partially or lack space to erupt at all. Below are some of the characteristics of impacted wisdom teeth:

  • Grow towards the next tooth or second molar
  • Erupt towards the back of the mouth
  • Grow lying down on the jawbone
  • Might stay trapped within the jawbone

What Are the Complications Associated With Impacted Wisdom Teeth?

You dentist can recommend wisdom tooth removal if it results in the following oral and general health issues:

  • Pain when chewing
  • Food and debris trapped behind the wisdom teeth
  • Gum infection
  • Decay on a partially erupted wisdom tooth
  • Damage on the surrounding jawbone and teeth
  • Cysts around the teeth
  • Complications during orthodontic treatments

Preparing for the Wisdom Tooth Extraction

The procedure that your dentist or oral surgeon uses to extract an impacted wisdom tooth is a surgical one. Therefore, your dentist will first examine your gum and jaw through digital x-rays to ensure it is fit for surgery.

In addition to using local anesthesia to numb the site of extraction, your dentist can recommend sedation to make you feel relaxed during the tooth removal procedure.

Before the tooth extraction procedure, you should consider asking the dentist about the following:

  • Number of teeth that require extraction
  • Type of anesthesia you will receive
  • Complications you might experience during the procedure
  • The recovery period after tooth extraction
  • If you are at risk of nerve damage

When you seek wisdom tooth extraction in Toronto, ON, your dentist will brief you on what to expect before, during, and after the procedure. It is also advisable to share your medical history with your dentist to prevent complications during surgery.

Tooth Removal Procedure

During a tooth extraction in Toronto, ON, your dentist can use local or general anesthesia. Sometimes when using local anesthesia, the dentist might use sedatives additionally. The sedatives help you feel comfortable and relaxed on the dentist’s chair and make the tooth extraction procedure fast.

After administering the anesthetic drug, the dentist will make incisions through the gum to expose the impacted wisdom teeth as well as the jawbone. Next, the dentist will remove the bone that blocks the tooth’s root.

For easy removal of the bone, your dentist will cut it into pieces and use forceps to remove them. After removing the pieces of the teeth, the dentist will clean the site of extraction to eliminate signs of debris and stitch the wound to promote healing. However, sometimes stitching the socket is not necessary.

Finally, the dentist will place a gauze pad on the socket and ask you to bite down. The gauze pad promotes blood clotting, preventing excessive bleeding.

What to Expect After the Extraction Procedure?

If you were under IV sedation or general anesthesia, your dentist might recommend recovery before going home. Therefore, you might need someone to drive you home since you might be feeling drowsy after the wisdom tooth extraction procedure.

At Thorncliffe Dental Centre, we recommend the following guidelines to ensure fast recovery after the tooth extraction procedure:

  • Bleeding. To prevent excessive blood loss, you can bite down a gauze pad or a teabag at home. Also, you can avoid rinsing your mouth for the first 24 hours or using a straw to drink since they can dislodge the blood clot.
  • Pain. To manage pain and discomfort after tooth extraction, you can use Tylenol.
  • Swelling. Apply an ice pack over the face to reduce swelling.

Also, you can brush and rinse your mouth, avoiding the socket. During recovery, you can consume soft foods to avoid irritating the socket.