Understanding gum disease and its treatment

Understanding gum disease and its treatment

Mar 01, 2021

Oral health is more than care of the teeth. The teeth are just as good as the gums that hold them. It is for that reason that gum care and treatment is within the forte of dentists. Periodontal treatment is about the treatment of gum disease and the care of the gums to prevent these diseases. Gum care is important from a very young age to ensure that the situation does not deteriorate to levels that advanced cure including surgery is not necessary to correct the situation. Here is all you need to know about periodontal treatment.

Gum diseases

Gum diseases or periodontitis is common even as it is easy to prevent through measures such as regular cleaning of the mouth. The disease results from poor oral hygiene whereby foods that are eaten are clustered around the gum area to culture bacteria and other pathogens. These pathogens damage the gum areas that surround the teeth exacerbating the situation to a worse condition. These are the primary periodontal disease causes and can be managed easily by observing hygiene at all times even after the treatment of the disease. In this case, prevention is simple and the best option for preventing unpleasing situations such as bad breath or the damaged looks that come with the disease. It is also important to note that if unattended, the disease can result to lung and heart disease.


The earlier you detect the condition the better for you because you get to cure it using simpler procedures that are less expensive. Knowing the symptoms is therefore very important even if you feel that your gums are in perfect condition. You should look out for simple symptoms like bad breath to tooth ache. Other symptoms that are associated with the disease include bright red gums, loosening of the teeth, tender gums, receding gums and tooth loss. The condition also results to swelling of the gums that is associated with bleeding of the gums.

Treatment of the disease

The treatment of the disease differs depending on the severity of the condition. There are various options for managing the condition ranging from simple professional cleaning to constructive surgery. The simple cleaning procedure involves cleaning the pockets that are around the teeth so that damage to the bone within the teeth is prevented.

Tooth polishing and keeping oral hygiene is important. Regular practice of high hygiene standards is necessary to ensure that the condition is managed. People who are affected by the disease need to pay more attention to their oral hygiene levels without causing more physical damage to their gums. The use of oral mouthwash would be necessary in cleaning the gums and teeth without causing more damage.

There are various medications that are used in the treatment of the condition. The gum disease causes damage to the gums. Like any other broken tissue, there is need for treatment through medication to improve the situation and manage the damage. Penicillin and antibiotics will be necessary to keep away the bacterial infection and topical antiseptic will be administered to prevent further infections.

The other form of treatment involves medical procedures and surgery. The medical procedure employed in debridement. Debridement is a procedure that involves the removal of dead, infected, or damaged parts of the gum to prevent further damage. It is an effective way of immediate treatment of the gum disease by removing the affected and inflected areas. This procedure requires the services of professional and skilled dentists due to its level of delicacy.

The condition can also be treated through surgery. A dentist can perform gingivenctomy or gingivoplasty to correct the situation. Gingivectomy involves the surgical removal of the affected gum tissue while gingivoplasty involves the reshape of the healthy gum tissue within the teeth area. The two procedures are usually conducted concurrently to improve the condition and aesthetics of the gum.

If you experience or observe any of the periodontal disease symptoms then you need to contact a dentist immediately. The periodontal disease symptoms are as described above with periodontal disease causes also discussed. If you are in Toronto and you need a Toronto dentist for periodontal treatment in Toronto, ON you can easily access the necessary periodontal treatment in Toronto, ON by conducting a search of Toronto dentists.